Shoulder Injuries

Shoulder Separation

A shoulder separation occurs at the acromioclavicular joint, where the collarbone connects with the shoulder blade. Ligaments connect bones. When the ligaments that hold the acromioclavicular joint together are overstretched or torn, the collarbone may be displaced. Shoulder Separation is also called a shoulder sprain or AC separation. Causes A[…]

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Shoulder Dislocation

A shoulder dislocation is where the bones of the main shoulder joint (where the upper arm bone connects to the shoulder blade) are forced out of their normal positions. Partial dislocation is when the head of the upper arm bone partially in and partially out of the shoulder socket. The[…]

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Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder is a condition where the range of motion of the shoulder joint is severely restricted. There is typically a painful stage, a “frozen stage”, and a “thawing” stage. Frozen shoulder develops slowly. Each stage can last several months. The “thawing” stage usually lasts the longest. Causes of Frozen[…]

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Shoulder Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It does not occur as commonly in the shoulder as the weight-bearing joints (the knees, feet, hips, spine). A shoulder that develops osteoarthritis usually has been previously injured. The joint between the collarbone and shoulder blade (the acromioclavicular joint) is affected more[…]

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Shoulder Bursitis

A bursa is a sac (containing a small amount of fluid) located between tendons and bone or other moving parts. A bursa reduces friction between bones and tendons, or other neighboring parts, during movement of a joint. Bursitis is an inflammation of a bursa. Causes of Shoulder Bursitis The shoulder[…]

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Calcific Tendonitis

Calcific Tendonitis is also known as calcifying tendonitis or calcified tendonitis. Calcific tendinitis is inflammation of a tendon triggered by calcium deposits. The rotator cuff tendons of the shoulder are the most common location for this condition. Deposits may occur in one or both shoulders. Causes of Calcific Tendonitis The[…]

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Shoulder Muscle Strain

Muscle pain and stiffness is common in the neck and shoulders and/or between the shoulder blades. Causes of Shoulder Muscle Strain Poor Posture When sitting or standing, the shoulders should be kept down, back and relaxed. Poor posture and awkward positions cause the muscles to work harder and lead to[…]

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Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

There is a narrow space between bones in the shoulder joint (the roof of the shoulder blade and head of the upper arm bone) that the rotator cuff tendons pass through. Shoulder impingement syndrome occurs when tendons in this space become compressed due to lack of space. A bursa may[…]

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Rotator Cuff Tear

Degenerative changes caused by chronic inflammation (tendonitis) and/or aging may lead to a rotator cuff tear. A traumatic injury (fall or accident) may also cause a torn rotator cuff tendon. A tendon may be partially torn or completely torn in two. Causes of Rotator Cuff Tear Lifting something heavy (especially[…]

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Rotator Cuff Tendonitis

Rotator cuff tendonitis is often called shoulder tendonitis. Tendonits is inflammation of a tendon. Tendons take longer than muscles to heal because they have less blood supply than muscles. Causes of Rotator Cuff Tendonitis The rotator cuff may develop tendonitis from overuse. Chronic overuse injuries take place over weeks or[…]

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